The most potent forces in our rapidly digitizing world are technologies that most consumers don’t know much about yet. Alone and in combination, innovations in artificial intelligence, blockchain, natural language processing, and 5G usher a decade of change that will make the last ten years look pretty laid back.
The arrival of 5G is imminent, bringing enormous opportunities for new materials, infrastructure, user equipment, and other vertical applications. 5G is a collection of optimized and updated mobile communication technologies with a change of frequency and larger bandwidth than 4G. As the next-generation cellular communications network, 5G will both accelerate the growth of the telecommunications industry and redefine a whole host of industrial, entertainment, and IT sectors in its wake.
As one of the core techniques in 5G, the Internet of Things (IoT) is more interested than ever. Furthermore, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) plays a crucial role in IoT development. With the extensive use of RFID, the fact that a single RFID tag integrates multiple applications has become mainstream. To facilitate users to use the multi-application RFID tag and revoke some applications in the tag securely and efficiently, an RFID secure application. Users are entirely anonymous in the scheme. The proposed scheme cannot only be used in a multi-application RFID tag but also be used in the one-application RFID tag. Furthermore, compared with other existing schemes, the scheme provides a higher level of security and has an advantage of performance.
RFID has made a significant impact on retail, transit, healthcare, payments, security, and logistics applications, utilizing a wide range of enabling technologies with different price and performance points. There is at least as much value in the system and services as there is in the hardware, with the requirement to collect, filter, and critically make profitable automated decisions with the information. The opportunity is just beginning, with the technology enabling visions such as “Smart Cities” to consumer goods companies and retailers increasing sales by reducing inefficiencies but, more importantly, adding clear value for consumers.
Internet of Things (IoT) is not one new technology; it is a way to get lots of data about your business processes, your customers and your environment, and to use this data to optimize operations better, improve safety, provide convenience, reduce cost and more. IoT leverages various technologies, including connectivity, smart sensors, automation, data processing, machine learning, etc., to provide intelligent solutions for a wide range of applications such as smart cities, smart homes, smart factories, connected cars, and more. Reports from many sources and research appraise the market opportunity, giving detailed forecasts and assessment of the technologies, competitive landscape, value chain drivers, key players, barriers, case studies, and global trends.
The focus of wireless research is increasingly shifting toward 6G as 5G deployments get underway. At this juncture, it is essential to establish a vision of future communications to provide guidance for that research. A broad picture of communication needs and technologies in the timeframe of 6G. The future of connectivity is in the creation of digital twin worlds that are an accurate representation of the physical and biological worlds at every spatial and time instant, unifying our experience across these physical, biological and digital worlds. New themes are likely to emerge that will shape 6G system requirements and technologies, such as 1. new man-machine interfaces created by a collection of multiple local devices acting in unison; 2. ubiquitous universal computing distributed among various local devices and the cloud; 3. multi-sensory data fusion to create multi-verse maps and new mixed-reality experiences; and 4. precision sensing and actuation to control the physical world.
With rapid advances in artificial intelligence, it has the potential to become the foundation for the 6G air interface and network, making data, compute and energy the new resources to be exploited for achieving superior performance. In addition, other major technology transformations that are likely to define 6G: 1. cognitive spectrum sharing methods and new spectrum bands; 2. the integration of localization and sensing capabilities into the system definition, 3. the achievement of extreme performance requirements on latency and reliability; 4. new network architecture paradigms involving sub-networks and RAN-Core convergence; and 5. new security and privacy schemes.
Sony, NTT, and Intel announced the companies working as a partnership to work on 6G mobile network technology. Casting an eye into the future, NTT and Intel are already forming a partnership to work on 6G mobile network technology. 5G networks are only just being switched on, but the trio wants to establish an organization for 6G in the US by next spring. The three partners also intend to invite other major global companies to participate, including players from China. While 5G is already up and running in South Korea and some US cities, and Chinese carriers already launch the world’s largest 5G network, Japanese telcos start their new services in spring. Two Japanese telcos, KDDI and SoftBank, have formally set up a joint venture to build out 5G networks in rural parts of the country. The new company, 5G Japan, will use existing KDDI and SoftBank base stations to carry 5G services, and will also design and manage the construction of new base stations for 5G. “Both companies will do this with the aim of raising Japan’s international competitiveness by contributing to its industrial development, regional revitalization, and national resilience.”
Meanwhile, US chipmaker Qualcomm, Finland’s Nokia and Sweden’s Ericsson have raced to the front of the chip competition, with China’s Huawei Technologies also snagging patents and building up its development capabilities. Sony and NTT hope to gain an edge by teaming up with Intel. One goal is to develop more advanced semiconductors. The specifics of 6G chips and telecom standards will be decided in a few years. On a trial basis, NTT has already successfully produced chips that run on light instead of electricity, and which consumes one-hundredth of the power used by conventional chips. NTT aims to use the partnership to speed up progress towards mass production.
According to the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, the next-generation wireless 6G network could reach speeds up to 8,000 times faster than current 5G speeds. The members of the working group believe they can achieve speeds that may reach 1TB/s. unfortunately, these speeds will take years to start working. To have an idea of how long it may take, let’s remember that 5G networks and technology started its development in 2008. So yeah, maybe 10 or 15 years from now, we will be able to download forty to fifty 4K quality movies to our devices in a second.
Finally, to understand current and future challenges of 5G/6G, explore how emerging paradigms Blockchain, IoT, RFID, Cloud, and Artificial Intelligence, influence the technologies which will take the world to ameliorated lifestyle.
Source: IEEE, APB